6 causes of heavy menstrual bleeding

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Heavy Menstrual Bleeding termed Menorrhagia occurs when a woman has abnormally heavy or prolonged bleeding. Periods are considered heavy if they are enough to soak a pad every one hour or less than two hours. Abnormal heavy bleeding should be a cause for concern to a woman because it can lead to health conditions like anemia which can leave you feeling tired (fatigue). Heavy Bleeding with cramps can prevent you from performing your activities of daily living.

Signs and Symptoms that you may have Menorrhagia

  1. You change your heavily soaked pad less than every two hours.
  2. You double your pads to aid flow.
  3. Have blood clots alongside menstrual flow.
  4. Have cramps (pain) at your lower abdomen enough to prevent your daily activities.
  5. Always feeling weak and tired during menstrual periods.
  6. Have flows longer than a week.

Causes of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

There are different possible causes of heavy menstrual bleeding and may differ from woman to woman. It’s very important to see your Doctor to identify the cause of your own heavy menstrual bleeding if you find the signs and symptoms above familiar.

  • Hormone Imbalance: Hormones are important for the regulation of menstrual periods, these hormones estrogen and progesterone has to be balanced for normal menstrual flow. If there is an imbalance of these hormones it could cause the uterine lining to develop in excess causing heavy menstruation as it sheds.
  • Uterine Fibroids: Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors. It appears in different sizes from small to very large and is hormone (estrogen) dependent. It usually occurs in a woman’s childbearing age. It may cause severe abdominal cramps, Heavy menstrual bleeding and longer periods.
  • Intrauterine Device (IUD): Non-Hormonal IUD’s used for birth control are known to cause heavy menstrual bleeding as a side effect and could also make your flow prolonged.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): It’s an infection of the Reproductive organs in females. It may occur as a result of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STI). It can lead to severe menstrual bleeding and cramps.
  • Adenomyosis: This is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus called the Endometrium breaks through the muscular wall of the uterus. It causes cramps and heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Endometrial Polyp: These are growths that protrude from the inner lining of the uterus (Endometrium). It’s usually benign (non-cancerous) and associated with high levels of estrogen. It causes heavy menstrual bleeding.

Can Heavy Menstrual Bleeding be treated? Yes, it can. Do well to talk to your Doctor for diverse treatment options.

Also see: Breast Cancer: What you need to know

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Since graduating from the University of Nigeria in 2008, Oge has excelled in the physiotherapy practice, working alongside consultants in the management of patients with diverse musculoskeletal disorders. She gained most of her experience practicing in the private sector and has gained a wealth of knowledge as well as having a good relationship with patients. She is presently the CEO RichCare Physiotherapy and Wellness Center which was established in 2015, presently serving the Karu Nasarawa and Abuja environs.

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