How To Avoid  Asthma Triggers

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The first step to controlling your asthma is by closely observing and identifying your trigger(s). There are so many asthma triggers and I will identify a few and give tips to avoid them.


Animal Dander

Some people are allergic to the flakes of skin or dried saliva from animals with fur or feathers.

The best thing to do:

  • Keep furred or feathered pets out of your home.
  • Keep TeddyBears and toys with fur away from your home.
  • Avoid having animal pets

If you can’t keep the pet outdoors, then:

  • Keep the pet out of your bedroom and other sleeping areas at all times, and keep the door closed.
  • Remove carpets(Rugs) that may come in fur and furniture covered with cloth from your home.

Dust Mites

Allergy to dust mite is common with asthmatic individuals. Dust mites are generally tiny bugs that are found in every home-in mattresses, pillows, carpets, upholstered furniture, bedcovers, clothes, stuffed toys, and fabric or other fabric-covered items.

Things that can help:

  • If possible use a dust proof cover for your mattress
  • You can also use a dust proof cover for your pillow case or wash regularly with hot water(twice a week). Cold or warm water used with detergent and bleach can also be effective.
  • Wash the sheets and blankets on your bed each week in hot water.
  • Reduce indoor humidity to below 60 percent (ideally between 30-50 percent). Dehumidifiers or central air conditioners can do this.
  • Try not to sleep or lie on cloth-covered cushions.
  • Remove carpets from your bedroom and those laid on concrete, if you can.
  • Keep stuffed toys out of the bed or wash the toys weekly in hot water or cooler water with detergent and bleach. Also, see 6 Golden Rules to Avoid Heart Disease


Many people with asthma are allergic to the dried droppings and remains of cockroaches.

The best thing to do:

  • Keep food and garbage in closed containers. Never leave food out.
  • If an insecticide is used to kill cockroaches, stay out of the room until the odor goes away.

Indoor Mold

  • Fix leaky faucets, pipes, or other sources of water that have mold around them.
  • Clean moldy surfaces with a cleaner that has bleach in it.

Pollen and Outdoor Mold

What to do during your allergy season (when pollen or mold spore counts are high):

  • Try to keep your windows closed.
  • Stay indoors with windows closed from late morning to afternoon, if you can. Pollen and some mold spore counts are highest at that time.
  • Ask your doctor whether you need to take or increase anti-inflammatory medicine before your allergy season starts.


Tobacco Smoke

  • If you smoke, ask your doctor for ways to help you quit. Ask family members to quit smoking, too.
  • Do not allow smoking in your home or car.

Smoke, Strong Odors, and Sprays

  • If possible, do not use a wood-burning stove, kerosene stover, or firewood.
  • Try to stay away from strong pungent odors and sprays, such as perfume, talcum powder, hair spray, and paints.

Other things that bring on asthma symptoms in some people include:

Vacuum Cleaning

  • Try to get someone else to vacuum for you once or twice a week if you can. Stay out of rooms while they are being vacuumed and for a short while afterward. If you manually clean get someone to clean for you and always leave the environment when cleaning is going on.
  • If you vacuum, use a dust mask.

Other Things That Can Make Asthma Worse

  • Sulfites in foods and beverages: Do not drink beer or wine or eat dried fruit, processed potatoes, or shrimp if they cause asthma symptoms.
  • Cold air: Cover your nose and mouth with a scarf on cold or windy days.
  • Other medicines: Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take. Include cold medicines, aspirin, vitamins and other supplements, and nonselective beta-blockers (including those in eye drops.)
  • Lawn mowing: Do not mow the lawn yourself get someone to do it for you, also stay away from such places.

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Since graduating from the University of Nigeria in 2008, Oge has excelled in the physiotherapy practice, working alongside consultants in the management of patients with diverse musculoskeletal disorders. She gained most of her experience practicing in the private sector and has gained a wealth of knowledge as well as having a good relationship with patients. She is presently the CEO RichCare Physiotherapy and Wellness Center which was established in 2015, presently serving the Karu Nasarawa and Abuja environs.

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